JUMBLE

MIDDLE EAST

7TH CENTURY

 

OTHER NAMES: Jumbolls, Jumbolds, Jambles, Jemelloes, Jumbals, Gemmels and Jumballs, knots, tumbles

 

Jumbles are spiced cookies with many different flavoring and shape options. Early traditional flavoring includes aniseed, coriander, caraway seeds and rosewater, lemon zest, etc. [1] Chocolate jumbles are very popular in its taste and texture: “Chocolatey, spicy, molasses, sweet, light and moist.” They can be thin and crispy, or thick and dense. [2]

 

The name “jumble” has an unclear origin. It might came from the word ‘gimbal’ or ‘gimmal’, which was a special kind of ring constructed of two separate rings worn together, particularly in the 16th century as a wedding ring. In fact, ‘gimmal’ likely comes from the Old French gemel, from Latin gemellus, diminutive of geminus (like astrological sign Gemini), meaning twin. [3]

 

As early as the 17th century they were prepared by twisting the thick dough into shapes (such as knots, pretzel, rings, shape of letter, etc) and then boiling. [4] By the late 18th century, the dough was rolled into cookies and baked. [5]

 

These cookies were introduced to Europe by the Moors of Spain. [6] Since the 7th century AD, sugar was introduced to Persia (now Iran) and Middle East from India. [7] Pastry was used to only make for the wealthy back then. [8]

 

While the original jumble recipe has a denser texture and last for longer time, it was a popular baked good for travelers. [9] Eventually they were introduced from England to Virginia in the late 17th century (or early 18th) and became a part of the American diet by developing new recipes such as Nazareth sugar cookie. [10]

 

BASIC INGREDIENTS:

nuts, flour, eggs, and sugar, flavoring

 

Optional:

Butter, baking powder, fruits, fruit peel, star anise, vanilla, chocolate chips

Chocolate Jumble

Photo by pollyalida / CC BY

Traditional Shape of Jumble Cookies

Jumble in Ring (Donut) Shape

Evolution of Ice Cream, 16"x20"

Ice Cream first appeared in history around 5000 years ago, and how does it evolved over time until today?

Alchemy of Tea, 16"x20"

Poster that illustrates the beauty of Tea Making

Cookie Phone Case, black

(iphone 4-7, Samsung Galaxy S4-S7)

Fill your phone with cookies and discover their origin of place and time!

Genesis of Cookies, 16"x20"

Poster that illustrates the origin of cookies with place & time of invention

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